Sterling’s Slide Continues, Greenback is Broadly Bid

Brexit Cracked eggs marc

  • UK Prime Minister May’s comments at the Tory Party Conference over the weekend played up the risk of what has been dubbed a hard Brexit
  • The UK construction PMI jumped to 52.3 from 49.2
  • Many observers are attributing the firmer dollar tone to comments by Cleveland Fed President Mester
  • The Reserve Bank of Australia met earlier today for the first time under Governor Lowe
  • Reserve Bank of India unexpectedly cut rates 25 bp

The dollar is mostly firmer against the majors. The Antipodeans are outperforming while sterling and the yen are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly weaker. MYR, INR, and IDR are outperforming while RON, KRW, and TRY are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was up 0.2%, as the Nikkei rose 0.8%. MSCI EM is up 0.4%, but Chinese markets are closed for a week-long holiday. Euro Stoxx 600 is up 0.7% near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a lower open. The 10-year UST yield is flat at 1.62%. Commodity prices are mostly lower, with oil down nearly 1%, copper down 0.7%, and gold down 0.2%.

UK Prime Minister May’s comments at the Tory Party Conference over the weekend played up the risk of what has been dubbed a hard Brexit. This helped trigger a slide in sterling that saw it fall to new 30-year+ low against the dollar just below $1.2760. A stronger than expected recovery in the UK construction PMI helped sterling stabilize in mid-morning London turnover.

May offered little solace to financial services industry, which accounts for about an eighth of the UK’s GDP and employees well over a million people. The interim deal with the EU to allow for a smooth transition never seemed particularly likely given the EU’s attitude, and May does not seem to be pushing for it very hard.

Although mocked for saying “Brexit means Brexit,” the meaning is becoming clearer for the government. It means that the UK voted to limit migration and ostensibly have greater say in its laws and budget in exchange for access to the single market. Ultimately that is the trade-off that May recognizes.

Sterling’s decline is not coinciding with lower interest rates. UK shares though are doing well. This is not surprising for the FTSE 100, where the significance of foreign earnings make this a currency play, but the FTSE 250 and FTSE 350 are performing slightly better than the FTSE 100. Industrial are the strongest sector, followed by telecom and information technology.

The UK construction PMI jumped to 52.3 from 49.2. The Bloomberg median anticipated further weakness. It snaps a three-month streak of below 50 (boom/bust) readings. The manufacturing PMI reported yesterday was also stronger than expected. Tomorrow, the service sector PMI will be reported. The median forecast is for a decline, and the same is true for the composite. The risk to both is to the upside, though sterling may be less sensitive to short-run economic data as anxiety over the other shoe dropping in six months is palpable.

That said, sterling is not the weakest currency on the day. It is the yen today. Quietly the dollar has strung together a six-day advancing streak against the yen. The greenback had spent the last two sessions consolidating, and today, it exploded out the little triangle to push to JPY102.50, the highest since September 21. The dollar has risen through a trendline that began in late-May, caught the July and September highs. It came in near JPY102.00 today. The next hurdles are seen near JPY102.80 and JPY103.35.

The euro is also under pressure. Recall that before the weekend, it had approached support near $1.1150 before AFP reported about a compromise over Deutsche Bank’s fine. The euro is slipped back toward there despite Deutsche Bank’s stock is higher today after yesterday’s unification holiday. The shares dipped below 10 euros tat the end of last week and reached almost 12 euros today. The $1.1150 support may fray today. Additional support is seen near $1.1120. The euro will likely struggle to stage much of a recovery ahead of tomorrow’s service PMIs in Europe and the US ADP job estimate.

Many observers are attributing the firmer dollar tone to comments by Cleveland Fed President Mester, who had dissented in favor of a hike at last month’s FOMC meeting. We are sympathetic to her arguments, but we cannot follow her in claiming a rate hike is compelling in November. In most circumstances, we could, but what is unusual about the November meeting is that it is a week before the national election. There is precedent to move rates in September and December of election years but not in November. Given the power of this tradition, a violation would require near emergency like conditions. That is not the case.

Bloomberg’s calculation shows about a 17% chance of a hike in November. The CME puts it near 10%, and our calculation is a little lower. Moreover, Mester was the only Fed official to speak yesterday. NY Fed President Dudley did too, and he sounded cautious. On balance, our understanding of the decision-making dynamics gives more weight to Dudley than Mester.

The Reserve Bank of Australia met earlier today for the first time under Governor Lowe. There were no surprises. The cash rate was unchanged at 1.50%. There was a dovish tilt. Rates on hold for the remainder of this year and scope for a rate cut next year. The Australian dollar made a three-day high before consolidating within striking distance of the $0.7700 cap that has proved so frustrating for the bulls over the past couple of months.

Gold is lower for the sixth consecutive session. This streak follows a six-session advance. It leaves the precious yellow metal near the low end of its recent range, just above $1300. It has not traded below there since late-June.

On the other hand, the Dow Jones Stoxx 600, the index of European large cap companies has a six-day streak to the upside with today’s 0.75% gain, led by materials and energy sectors. Asian shares moved higher but were more restrained. The minor 0.2% increase, however, masks the breadth, as all markets were higher, though Chinese markets are still closed for the week-long national holiday.

The equity market gains are not preventing a firmer tone in bond markets. Yields are mostly lower. Portugal is playing a bit of catch-up today as its 10-year yield slides eight bp. DBRS is set to review Portugal’s rating later this month. It is the only major rating agency that grants the country investment-grade status. If it were to lose this, it would disqualify the use of government bonds as collateral for borrowing from the ECB and their inclusion in QE.

This seems like a greater risk than what many observers focused on, and that is the Italian referendum in December. It is true that Portugal does not pose the contagion risk of a fall of the Italian government. However, it seems clear that Italian Prime Minister Renzi will not step down, a la Cameron if the reform of the Senate is rejected.

Reserve Bank of India unexpectedly cut rates 25 bp. While some expected easing, the majority of analysts saw steady rates. This was the first meeting under incoming Governor Patel and the new 6-member monetary policy committee. CPI rose 5.1% y/y in August, which is near the top of the 2-6% target range. We think a more cautious stance was warranted in light of the publicized tensions between the government and former Governor Rajan. The RBI had been on hold since the last 25 bp cut back in April.

Brazil reports August IP, which is expected at -4.8% y/y vs. -6.6% in July. It then reports September IPCA inflation Friday, which is expected to rise 8.6% y/y vs. 8.97% in August. COPOM next meets October 19, and is widely expected to start the easing cycle then. Yet August fiscal data was horrible. The government needs to make some good progress on fiscal reforms before the central bank eases.