The foreign exchange market is quiet and mixed. The focus is on the weakness of global equities and the continued sell-off in European bonds. The eventful week that sees the Fed, BOJ, and BOE meet, US employment report, PMIs, and EMU GDP, inflation and unemployment are starting slowly.
The weekend news from the US over the controversial actions on refugees, immigrants, including green card holders, is an obvious talking point, though with seemingly little impact on the capital markets. The dollar, for example, largely recovered from the losses seen initially in Asia, where participation was thinned in any event due to the Lunar New Year celebration is many countries, including China (including Hong Kong and Taiwan), South Korea, Singapore, and Malaysia.
The Nikkei’s 0.5% loss broke a three-day advance from the end of last week. Losses were led by financials and telecoms. Consumer staples were the strongest sector, gaining 0.2%. This comes as Japan released disappointing retail sales figures for last month. Retail sales fell 1.7% in December. This was more than three times larger than the Bloomberg median forecast of a 0.5% decline. The year-over-year rate fell to 0.6% from 1.7%. Consumer spending remains a soft spot for the world’s third largest economy, and this point will likely be driven home tomorrow.
The economy is finding better traction (expecting industrial output to have risen 0.3% in December for a 3% year-over-year pace), and the labor market is tight (December unemployment to be reported tomorrow will likely show a steady 3.1% unemployment rate). Overall household spending remains soft (December figures will be reported tomorrow and are expected to have fallen 0.9% year-over-year) and a 4.4% decline in December 2015 and a 3.4% falling December 2014).
After poking through JPY115 at the end of last week, the dollar could not sustain the upward momentum. It was sold a little through JPY114.30 before rebounding back to almost JPY115.00 by early Europe. Initial support may be seen in the JPY114.30-JPY114.50 area.
European stocks and bonds are under pressures. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off almost 1.0% near midday in London. The second consecutive losing session is led by energy and financials. It may be the biggest drop since November. Italian bank shares are off 3.2%, and it is the third consecutive decline (for around 6%). The proximate cause today are reports that the ECB has demanded improvements in Italy’s largest bank’s plans to address the bad loans (by the end of next month).
European bonds are under pressure. Greek bonds are getting crushed, with the 10-year yield up more than 20 bp and the two-year yield surging 50 bp. The failure of the Eurogroup to find common ground last week coupled with a sobering IMF report, reiterating its position that the situation is not sustainable. Greece has about 13 bln euros of bonds maturing in H1 17. The Eurogroup is seeking additional concessions, and Greece is balking. Portuguese and Italian bonds are 7-8 bp lower, while most eurozone benchmark yields are 2-4 bp higher, with German Bunds outperforming.
There are two main economic reports from the euro-area today. Spain reported a 0.7% rise in Q4 GDP. This was in line with the consensus. It is the same pace as in Q3, but slightly slower than in Q1 and Q2. The year-over-year pace is 3%, down from 3.2% in Q3. German states reported January CPI figures. Higher energy and transportation costs are pushing the nationwide figure closer to 2% (1.7% in December). There is some risk that the core measure eased.
This is important because the uptick in inflation primarily reflects the vagaries of energy prices, lower last year and stronger now. There may also be some impact from the past decline in the euro. The ECB has been putting more emphasis on the core rate to decipher the underlying signal. The eurozone aggregate estimate will be released tomorrow. Headline CPI rose from 0.6% to 1.1% in December. It is expected to have accelerated to 1.5%-1.6% in January. However, the core rate bottomed at 0.6% and has been 0.8%-0.9% since last May; stable but little traction.
The euro was bid to $1.0740 initially in thin Asian turnover and had fallen back to $1.0690 before the European session began in earnest. The intraday technicals suggest the first move in North America may be higher. Re4call that last week, the euro was blocked several times in the $1.0770 and recorded the lows for the week just below $1.0660 last Thursday and Friday.
The US reports December personal income and consumption expenditures. The data from these reports were contained in the preliminary Q4 16 GDP estimate seen before the weekend. A gain in pending home sales will be seen in the context of the 2.5% decline in November. The year-over-year rate may tick up slightly from 1.4% in November. The Dallas manufacturing activity report is for January, and we suspect there may be scope for a small upside surprise given the strong momentum and recovery of the oil sector. It stood at 15.5 in December, for the fourth monthly improvement in a row. Last January it reached its cyclical low of -34.6. The main focus is on this week’s FOMC meeting and employment report at the end of the week.