Euro Meltdown Continues

new euro

  • The main weight on the euro is presently not economic but political
  • There were economic reports from both the UK and Germany of note
  • The focus in the US is on the FOMC minutes, before which January existing home sales will be reported
  • Banco de Mexico announced a new FX hedging program
  • Malaysia January CPI rose 3.2% y/y; Brazil reports mid-February IPCA inflation and COPOM meets 

The dollar is mostly firmer against the majors. The yen and the Antipodeans are outperforming, while the euro and the Scandies are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly weaker. ZAR and KRW are outperforming, while RUB and RON are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was up 0.6%, even with the Nikkei flat. MSCI EM is up 0.4%, with China shares rising 0.2%. Euro Stoxx 600 is flat near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a lower open. The 10-year UST yield is down 1 bp at 2.42%. Commodity prices are mixed, with oil down 0.6%, copper down 1.2%, and gold up 0.1%.

February has been cruel to the euro. Of the sixteen sessions this month, counting today, the euro has risen in four, and two of those were last week. Its new four-day slide pushed it below $1.05 for the first time in six weeks as European markets were opening. The $1.0560 area that was broken yesterday, and provided a cap today is 61.8% retracement objective of last month’s rally. Recall that the multi-year low was recorded at the start of the year a little below $1.04.

The main weight on the euro is presently not economic but political. Recent developments in France underscore our argument that the success of the populist-nationalist forces requires some sort of help from the mainstream parties. This was clearly the case in the US and UK, where no populist party was elected, but instead, the populist agenda co-opted by the center-right.

The non-binding UK referendum turned into a binding decision with the smallest of majorities for such an important change. It has yet to be seen how President Trump relates with the Republican Party. However, it is strikingly different than what the Democrat leadership did in 1972. Then, the left-wing of the Democrat Party succeeded in nominating McGovern, and the leadership of the party abandoned him, helping to produce a landslide victory for Nixon.

In any event, the left in France is finding it difficult to put down egos and the hubris of small programmatic differences to unite behind a single candidate. Macron appears to be doing a good jump of shooting himself in the foot, allowing Fillon, under a cloud of scandal, to recapture second place in the polls. In Italy, there is a risk that the largest political coalition in Italy, the PD, may split with the old guard and the left-wing possibly forming two new parties. This is seen working to the 5-Star Movement’s favor. The 5-Star Movement is underscoring another observation of populism-nationalism: it may work better as in opposition rather than as a governing party.

These concerns trump the eurozone economic data, which shows steady to stronger growth at the start of the year. This coupled with the structural shortage of a key investment and collateral vehicle, short-term German bonds, has seen the two-year yield plunge to new record lows. It stands at minus 92 bp. This is resulting in widening premiums against Germany. This is true not just within the eurozone, but of particular interest to the euro, with the US. The two-year spread is near 2.13%. It finished last month a little above 1.90%.

Very little of the widening is taking place due to the US leg. The US two-year yield ended last month at 1.21%. It is now a little more than 1.22%. This may help explain the heavier dollar tone against other currencies, such as the yen and Australian dollar. The dollar-yen rate is more sensitive to the 10-year differential, which is flat near 2.33% (and also around where the 5, 20, and 50-day averages converge).

Australia’s government auctioned a record A$1.1 bln of 11-year bonds today, and the demand for the 2.75% coupon was strong. The government has been stepping up the size of the auctions in recent months. The demand appears to have helped the Australian dollar return to the upper end of its $0.7600-$0.7700 range that has confined most of the price action this month. The strong demand at the auctions is the good news, but the record size auctions reflect the fact that Australia’s budget deficit is expected to widen this year to a little over 2% this year from 1.5% last year. S&P has a negative outlook for Australia’s AAA rating since last July. The government will update its fiscal projections in May.

There were economic reports from both the UK and Germany of note. Turning to the UK, the Q4 GDP was revised to 0.7% from 0.6%, helped by better trade (weaker sterling?) and firm consumption. Exports rose 4.1% in Q4, twice the expected pace. Imports fell 0.4%. The median forecast called for a 0.3% gain. Sterling itself is uninspiring. It has chopped mostly between $1.24 and $1.25 with minor violations and has closed in that range for the past nine sessions with one exception. The House of Lords has taken up the Brexit motion, where it is working its way through the committee process.

Germany reported stronger than expected business confidence in the form of the February IFO survey. The assessment of the overall climate improved to 111.0 from 109.9. This was a reflection of improved expectations (104.0 vs. 103.2) and improved assessment of current conditions (118.4 vs. 116.9). Low German interest rates, a euro that serves as frosting on an already competitive cake, the DAX that is up 4.3% so far this year (the most among the large European bourses), coupled with a government that is tilted toward the right to blunt the appeal of the AfD, may encourage the confidence.

Canada reports December retail sales today. Soft auto sales may weigh on the headline, where a flat report is expected after a 0.2% increase in November. However, excluding the auto sector, a 0.5% rise is expected. Oil prices closed at eight-week highs yesterday, but the Canadian dollar is finding little succor. The US dollar continued to recover from the successful test on CAD1.30 last week. The month’s high is a little above CAD1.32 and offers a nearby cap.

The focus in the US is on the FOMC minutes, before which January existing home sales will be reported. A small gain after a 2.8% decline in December is expected. In some ways, the FOMC minutes have been superseded by Yellen’s recent testimony and the comments by numerous officials, including Fischer and Dudley. Our general takeaway is that mid-March may be too soon, but June is too long. The prospect of a May move is increasingly appealing.

In terms of other issues, there is still a lack of clarity on fiscal policy, but this is normal and will likely be clarified in the coming period, with some insight likely from Trump’s speech to Congress next week. The balance sheet discussions appear very preliminary. Yellen suggested in her testimony that she does not want use reducing the balance sheet to affect the broader economy (that is as a policy tool). The discussions will evolve over the course of the year.

Banco de Mexico announced a new FX hedging program. Long story short, this is very much like the swaps program used by Brazil. The central bank takes on FX risk but pays out in local currency so there is no drain on FX reserves. Any FX losses will be absorbed by Banxico, which has been profitable over the last several years. This was taken very positively by the markets. USD/MXN broke below the key 20.10 level yesterday, but there was no follow-through and the pair is back above 21.0. Still, the break should set up a test of the 19.65 area.

Malaysia January CPI rose 3.2% y/y vs. 2.7% expected and 1.8% in December. While the central bank does not have an explicit inflation target, rising price pressures should keep Bank Negara leaning more hawkish. Next policy meeting is March 2, no change seen then but a rate hike in 2017 is becoming much more likely.

Brazil reports mid-February IPCA inflation, which is expected to rise 4.98% y/y vs. 5.94% in mid-January. If so, this would be the lowest rate since June 2012 and moves further within the new (narrower) 3.0-6.0% target range. COPOM meets later today and is widely expected to cut rates 75 bp to 12.25%.