- Investors absorbed developments (North Korea remarks, Comey firing, oil data) that might have been disruptive for the markets with little fanfare
- The economic news has been largely limited today to China’s price gauges and Italy’s industrial output figures
- Hungary and Czech Republic reported lower than expected CPI readings for April
- Brazil April IPCA consumer inflation is expected to rise 4.10% y/y vs. 4.57% in March
The dollar is mixed against the majors. The dollar bloc is outperforming, while the Scandies are underperforming. EM currencies are mixed too. ZAR and TRY are outperforming, while KRW and RUB are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was up 0.2%, with the Nikkei rising 0.3%. MSCI EM is flat, with Chinese markets falling 0.4%. Euro Stoxx 600 is down 0.1% near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a lower open. The 10-year US yield is down 2 bp at 2.37%. Commodity prices are mixed, with WTI oil up 1%, copper down 0.1%, and gold up 0.2%.
Investors absorbed a few developments that might have been disruptive for the markets with little fanfare. North Korea’s ambassador to the UK warned that his country would go ahead with its sixth nuclear test, as South Korea elected a new president who wants to reduce tensions on the peninsula.
South Korea equities fell nearly 1% from record highs, while the MSCI Asia Pacific Index rose 0.2%. The Korean won fell 0.4% and is the weakest among emerging market currencies. The dollar has pulled back against the yen. Yesterday in the North American afternoon, the dollar was stretching through JPY114.30 when the news broke and pushed it back below the figure. The dollar held above JPY113.60 in Asia, and before Europe opened, it made an attempt to resurface above JPY114.00 but met new sellers. Recall last week; the dollar finished near JPY112.70. The price action may be best understood as consolidation, perhaps encouraged by the couple basis point pullback in the US 10-year yield.
President Trump fired the widely criticized director of the FBI yesterday. It is unusual for a president to fire the head of the FBI. The optics are horrible as the FBI was investigating the campaign’s ties to Russia. However, the impact on the Administration’s economic agenda is minimal, and while the drama will continue to play out, it is a domestic political story. It still seems important to keep in mind that although Trump’s overall approval rating is low in relative and absolute terms, he continues to draw high levels of support from his Republican constituency.
The American Petroleum Institute estimated that US oil inventories fell for a fifth consecutive week, and the 5.8 mln barrel draw down was the most this year. Gasoline inventories rose (3.17 mln barrels) in line with the seasonal build, while distillates stocks fell 1.17 mln barrels. June light sweet crude oil stabilized and is holding above $46 a barrel. Recall that a month ago, the WTI futures contract was near $54 a barrel and plunged to $44 at the start of this week. The bounce is muted and oil needs to rise above $48 to be of technical significance.
The EIA is expected to show oil inventories fell 2.1 mln barrels. Since the beginning of March, the EIA’s estimates of US oil stockpiles have alternated between builds and draw downs. The anticipated draw down would keep the pattern intact. On the supply side, the EIA estimates US output this year and next are higher from forecasts made last month. Meanwhile, as the May 25 OPEC meeting approaches, there is talk about extending the output cuts not just until the end of the year but into next year as well.
The economic news has been largely limited today to China’s price gauges and Italy’s industrial output figures. China’s CPI ticked up to 1.1% from 0.9%. It was 2.1% at the end of last year. The subdued price pressures will give officials room to stimulate later this year if needed, and the 0.4% decline in the month-over-month measure of producer prices may warn that it may indeed be needed. PPI rose 6.4% year-over-year. The median in the Bloomberg survey expected a 6.7% increase after 7.6% in March.
The moderation comes as commodity prices, such as iron ore, steel, and oil retreated. The government has used the better growth numbers to focus on the credit excesses and to tighten lending to the housing market. The Chinese yuan is flat. It is up almost 0.6% against the dollar this year, and for the fourth month, it is in narrow ranges.
It has not often been said, but Italy reported a larger than expected rise in March industrial output. The 0.4% increase builds on the 1.0% rise in February. On a workday adjusted basis, Italian industrial output rose 2.8% compared with the 2.0% pace seen in February. Next week Italy will report Q1 GDP. It is expected to rise 0.2%, the same as in Q4 16.
European shares have been unable to match the minor strength seen in Asia. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off about 0.2%, led by industrials and telecoms. Energy and utilities are posting small gains. Energy relates to the firmer oil story, while the rise the utility sector may have been helped by the decline in bond yields.
The Dollar Index gapped lower in response to the first round of the French election. That gap was closed yesterday and the Dollar Index is in the upper half of yesterday’s range. If the Dollar Index can hold on to the recent gains, the five-day moving average can cross back above the 20-day for the first time in a nearly a month. A similar gap in the euro, however, has not been filled. The gap is found between $1.0738 and $1.0821. The 20-day average is found near $1.0830, and the euro has not closed below that average since April 17. The 200-day average is also at $1.0830.
Sterling remains firm but continues to encounter selling pressures in front of $1.30. Initial support is seen near $1.29. The Bank of England meets tomorrow. Although no change in policy is warranted, the MPC may recognize the continued resilience of the economy. It may also reiterate that its patience with an overshoot of inflation is not boundless, which could see another attempt on the $1.3000-$1.3055 objectives. Forbes, who dissented at the last meeting, in favor of an immediate hike, is likely to dissent again. It is unlikely that she convinced any of her colleagues, and if she did, that could also see sterling spike higher.
Dollar-bloc currencies are consolidating. The Australian dollar’s losses were extended yesterday on the back of soft retail sales. The government’s budget proposals showed a wider than expected deficit, but many focused on the new tax on banks. The Australian equity market rose 0.6%, and although financial stocks gained (0.2%), bank shares remained under pressures.
The US dollar recorded a key reversal against the Canadian dollar at the end of last week, but so far this week, it has traded within last Friday’s trading range. It continues to straddle the CAD1.37 area. Recall that speculators in the futures market had a record large gross short Canadian dollar position as of a week ago.
Today’s US calendar features the import and export prices ahead of tomorrow’s PPI report. Friday sees the more important CPI and retail sales. The Fed’s Rosengren and Kashkari speak today. Dudley speaks tomorrow. The Canadian calendar is light today and sees March house prices tomorrow.
Hungary and Czech Republic reported lower than expected CPI readings for April. Hungarian inflation was 2.0% y/y vs. 2.3% expected, while Hungarian inflation was 2.2% y/y vs. 2.3% expected. Data should allow current policy stances to be maintained. The Czech central bank left policy unchanged last week, but issued a dovish statement suggesting no near-term rate hikes. Next policy meeting is June 29, no change expected then. For Hungary, central bank minutes will be released later today and are expected to maintain a dovish bias.
Brazil April IPCA consumer inflation is expected to rise 4.10% y/y vs. 4.57% in March. If so, this would be the lowest rate since July 2007 and below the 4.5% target for the first time since 2010. It then reports March retail sales Thursday, which are expected at -1.1% y/y vs. -3.2% in February.