Dollar Pares Gains Ahead of the Weekend

Usa - United States flag in speech bubble

  • Flash manufacturing PMI for Japan and flash PMIs for the Eurozone had little impact on the capital markets.
  • In the US, politics is eclipsing economics in the week after the FOMC hiked the Fed Funds target
  • Markit reports the flash PMIs for the US today, and the government reports existing home sales; three Fed officials speak ahead of the weekend.
  • Brazil mid-June IPCA inflation is expected to rise 3.48% y/y vs. 3.77% in mid-May

The dollar is mostly softer against the majors as the week winds down. Aussie and sterling are outperforming, while Swissie and Loonie are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly firmer. RUB and MXN are outperforming, while CNY and MYR are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was up 0.2%, with the Nikkei rising 0.1%. MSCI EM is up 0.2%, with the Shanghai Composite rising 0.3%. Euro Stoxx 600 is down 0.3% near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a flat open. The 10-year US yield is up 1 bp at 2.16%. Commodity prices are higher, with oil up 0.3%, copper up 1.5%, and gold up 0.5%.

The US dollar is trading lower against all the major currencies today, paring its earlier gains. The greenback is holding on to small gains for the week against most of them, except the New Zealand dollar, Swiss franc, and Norwegian krone.

After a quiet week for data, the flash manufacturing PMI for Japan and the flash PMIs for the Eurozone filled the vacuum, with little impact on the capital markets. The takeaway from the PMIs is that as Q2 came to close, economic momentum was flagging. Meanwhile, the immediate doubts cast on the US Senate health care reform raised questions over the Trump Administration’s legislative agenda.

Japan’s flash manufacturing PMI slowed to 52.0 from 53.1 in May. This is the lowest reading since last November and represents twice the decline that was expected. Weaker output (52.1 vs. 54 in May) and a decline in new orders to their lowest level in seven months were notable drags. Still, the dollar remains within this week’s range against the yen that was set in the first two days of the week (~JPY110.75-JPY111.80). We note there is near $1 bln of options struck between JPY111.30-JPY111.50 that are expiring today.

The Eurozone flash PMIs were reported. Although activity is still at an elevated level, it slowed more than expected in June. The composite eased to a five-month low of 55.7 from 56.8. The median forecast was for 56.6. Manufacturing edged up to 57.3 from 57.0. New orders rose (58.5 from 57.8), though new export orders softened and employment eased. Prices also decelerated (output prices 54.0 vs. 54.1, and input prices 58.3 vs. 62.0). Services were the source of disappointment. The headline activity eased to 54.7 from 56.3. Forward-looking new business fell to 54.6 from 55.1.

German manufacturing slowed to a still lofty 59.3 from 59.5 in May. New orders rose, and at 61.5 is the highest in more than six years. Services slowed to 53.7 from 55.4. Together, this led to a drop in the composite to 56.1 from 57.4.

France’s manufacturing PMI rose (55.0 from 53.8), but the decline in services (55.3 from 57.2) dragged the composite to 55.3 from 56.9, which is a five-month low. Separately, France revised up Q1 GDP growth to 0.5% from 0.4% to match the Q4 performance. This represents the strongest six-month pace for France since Q4 10-Q1 11.

The flash Eurozone PMI does not change the macro picture much. The September ECB meeting, with updated staff forecasts, is seen as a likely venue for officials to announce its intention to reduce its asset purchases, but extend them into the first part of next year.

Like the yen, the euro’s range this week was set on Monday (~$1.1215) and Tuesday (~$1.1120). There are nearly 2.2 bln euro of options struck between $1.1175 and $1.1200 that expire today. The euro has not been above $1.12 since the start of the week. In May and June, the euro has alternated between advancing and declining weeks. True to the pattern, last week it rose, and this week it fell.

In the US, politics is eclipsing economics in the week after the FOMC hiked the Fed Funds target for the third time since last November’s election. It signaled its intention to begin reducing the balance sheet “relatively soon,” which we take to mean an announcement in September to start in October. The Republicans won both special congressional elections this week, which would seem to suggest that despite the President’s low support rating, his base remains intact.

The would seem to bode well for the legislative agenda. However, the Senate is having similar problems as the House of Representatives did in agreeing on health care reform. Specifically, the strategy of bypassing the opposition Democrats entirely does not leave the Republicans with much room for dissent. The Republicans can afford to lose no more than two votes, assuming no Democrats support it. A 50/50 vote would allow Vice President Pence to cast the tie-breaker.

However, nearly immediately, four Republican Senators expressed their disapproval, and several others indicated intentions to submit amendments to the bill when the vote is held, likely next week. Ahead of the vote, there will likely be a great deal of shuttle diplomacy to trying to secure the votes. A defeat would be a significant blow to the legislative agenda. The summer recess would likely be shortened, if not abandoned. It would also raise questions about key legislation that is needed in September to raise the debt ceiling and grant new spending authorization as part of the new budget for the fiscal year that begins October 1.

Markit reports the flash PMIs for the US today, and the government reports existing home sales. New home sales reported earlier this was a bit stronger than expected (1.1% vs. expectations for -0.4%). Existing homes is a much larger market, of course, and sales are expected to snap back after a shockingly poor report in April (11.4% decline, the largest in two years). The median forecast from the Bloomberg survey is for a 3.7% rise. If this is borne out, the annual pace will rise to 590k, which would put it back above its 12-month average. March saw the cyclical high near 640k, which was the highest since the financial crisis.

Three Fed officials speak ahead of the weekend. Governor Powell, who is very much part of the centrists on the Board. Bullard has proposed a new paradigm, which sets him a bit apart. His comments earlier this week suggest a greater desire to begin reducing the balance sheet rather than hiking rates. Mester from Cleveland is seen more with the Yellen, Fischer, Dudley bloc inclined to gradually hike rates to avoid a more disruptive pace if it slips behind.

Yesterday it was announced that all 34 large US banks passed the stress test. Essentially the test was how this institution would cope with a severe recession. The results of the second part of the test will be reported next week, where it is determined if the banks have a sufficient cushion to raise dividends and/or buy back shares. The Trump Administration has proposed changes to the stress tests and their frequency from annually now.

Canada reports May CPI. The headline pace may slow due to the base effect, but the risk is that the core ticks higher. Following yesterday’s stronger than expected retail sales report, any upside surprise today would further fan ideas that the Bank of Canada could hike rates as early as the July 12 meeting. The market appears to have discounted a little more than a 50% chance of a hike at that meeting. The Canadian dollar is practically flat in the week as yesterday’s recovery recouped the week’s earlier losses. Initial US dollar support is seen near CAD1.3200 and then CAD1.3165.

Lastly, we note today FTSE Russell will implement its annual rebalancing of its equity indices. Over the past several years, it spurred a large rise in trading volume, though the impact on prices may be difficult to decipher.

Brazil mid-June IPCA inflation is expected to rise 3.48% y/y vs. 3.77% in mid-May. Petrobras just announced cuts to gas and diesel fuel prices, so price pressures are likely to move lower. Yesterday, COPOM minutes acknowledged that uncertainty regarding fiscal reforms may lead to a slower easing cycle but did not make any firm commitments either way. COPOM next meets July 26, and a 75 bp cut to 9.5% is expected.