- The reversal of US shares yesterday in the last hour of trading was dramatic
- We do not see much new news in the FOMC minutes
- The US economic data is not what moves the market today; Canada reports December retail sales
- RBI minutes from this month’s meeting were more hawkish than expected; Mexico mid-February CPI is expected to rise 5.51% y/y
The dollar is mixed against the majors. The yen and dollar bloc are outperforming, while sterling and the Scandies are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly softer. MXN and CZK are outperforming, while KRW and ZAR are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was down 0.8%, with the Nikkei falling 1.1%. MSCI EM is down 1.1% on the day, with the Shanghai Composite rising 2.2% after returning from a week-long holiday. Euro Stoxx 600 is down 0.7% near midday, while futures are pointing to a lower open for US markets. The 10-year US yield is down 3 bp at 2.92% ahead of the last day this week of heavy debt issuance. Commodity prices are mostly lower, with WTI oil down 0.7%, copper down 1%, and gold down 0.1%.
The dramatic reversal of US shares yesterday in the last hour of trading has once again pulled the proverbial rug beneath the feet of investors. The turn down, moreover, occurred near important technical levels, seemingly adding to the significance.
Global equities have followed suit. The MSCI Asia Pacific Index fell 0.8%, despite a 2% rally in Chinese markets re-opening after the holiday celebration. European bourses have been market down and the Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off by little less than 1% in late morning turnover. That said, European shares opened lower still but have stabilized, perhaps waiting for fresh cues from the US markets. The S&P 500 is straddling unchanged levels.
The S&P 500 traded on both sides of Tuesday’s range yesterday and closed below its low. The outside down day is bearish price action. The S&P 500 was unable to take out Monday’s high and it just nicked the 2743-level we have identified as key. The S&P 500 had bounced from 2532.7 to 2754.4 since February 9. Before anticipating a return to the lows, there are some mile markers on the way that will be watched. First, the 2669.7 area is a 38.2% retracement of the bounce and 2643.5 is 50%. Similar levels for the Dow Industrials are found at 24640.8 and 24396.3 respectively.
The VIX actually closed a little lower yesterday (20.02 vs. 20.60). It is slightly firmer today but it is below the 21.6 high seen at the start of the week or even the 21.0 seen yesterday. Meanwhile, the Treasury market has steadied. Yields are off 1-3 bp through coupon curve. It has a great deal of new supply to digest, and there is another $29 bln (seven-year notes) that will be raised today. When looking at the price action closely, the S&P 500 made its highs about 25 minutes after the FOMC minutes were released, and did not slip to new lows for a little more than half an hour. The 10-year yield initially slipped a basis point, but then climbed. Yields peaked a little before the S&P 500 made new lows for the day.
We do not see much new news in the FOMC minutes. The January meeting was seen in real time as a hawkish hold and the statement reflected an upgraded economic assessment and greater confidence that inflation would move toward target. It seems clear that the fiscal stimulus helped boost the near-term confidence. Much attention has been devoted to debating whether the March dot plots will point to four hikes this year instead of three, which was the case in December. However, the simple fact is that the Fed funds futures are not fully pricing in three hikes this year. That gap between the market and the Fed is closing gradually, but remains and it is that adjustment that seems key for the investment climate.
We have argued that there is an accumulation of evidence that the US economy is showing some classic sign of being late in the expansion cycle. These include metrics like the 12-month moving average of non-farm payrolls, auto sales, credit card delinquencies, and financial speculation (cyber-currencies?). The eurozone economy in contrast was seemingly accelerating. However, after softer PMIs, Germany reported softer ZEW and weaker IFO surveys, and France saw all its February business confidence readings decline in February. Of note, the German IFO expectations component fell the most in two years (105.4 from 108.3) and is at its lowest level in five months.
The US dollar is mixed. The yen is the strongest currency, up 0.4%, followed by the dollar-bloc, up about 0.2%. The Scandies and sterling are nursing small losses, while the euro is flat after having fallen to $1.2260, a ten-day low, in early European turnover. There is a large ($1.4 bln) option struck at JPY107.50 that expires in North America today. We suspect the greenback will take its directional tone from the equity market.
The US economic data is not what moves the market today, with initial jobless claims, leading economic indicators, and the KC Fed’s manufacturing survey being reported. In light of the minutes, Fed officials may draw attention. Quarles has already spoken and in his first public remarks recognized the economy is strong than before the crisis. NY Fed’s Dudley, though it is less than six months before he steps down, has often had his finger on the pulse of Fed thinking (10 am EST). Bostic and Kaplan speak later.
Canada reports December retail sales. The headline is expected to have been restrained by weaker auto sales, without which retail sales may have risen about 0.3% after the heady 1.6% rise November. The market continues to discount a little less than a 50% chance of a hike in April. The US dollar has risen from CAD1.2550 to CAD1.2710 in the past five sessions. It overshot our retracement target near CAD1.2665, but has come back offered. A move back below the CAD1.2660 area may suggest a near-term top is in place.
RBI minutes from this month’s meeting were more hawkish than expected. Markets are starting to price in potential rate hikes. With inflation running above 5%, officials fretted that the 2-6% target band will be breached as fiscal policy runs too hot. One member of the MPC noted that “Fixed income markets are telling us that we have fallen behind the curve.” Next policy meeting is April 5 and markets should start preparing for a possible rate hike then.
Mexico mid-February CPI is expected to rise 5.51% y/y. Banco de Mexico just hiked rates 25 bp again to 7.5%. Next policy meeting is April 12, and another hike then is possible. Political risk is rising as markets ignore AMLO’s rising popularity ahead of the July election. If the peso starts to underperform again, then further tightening becomes more likely.